When it comes to making your property accessible to everyone, having a safe and accessible handicap ramp is essential. A well-designed ramp can provide independence to those with mobility impairments, allowing them to easily navigate the property. Concrete is a popular choice for constructing handicap ramps due to its durability, versatility, and low maintenance requirements. Here are some key factors to consider when creating a safe and accessible handicap ramp with concrete.
Designing the Ramp
When designing a handicap ramp, it is essential to follow the guidelines set forth by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA provides specifications for ramp width, slope, handrails, and landings to ensure safety and accessibility. The ramp should be at least 36 inches wide and have a slope no steeper than 1:12. For every inch of rise, the ramp should have 12 inches of horizontal run. Landings should be at least 60 inches long and as wide as the ramp. Handrails should be installed on both sides of the ramp and be between 34 and 38 inches high.
Choosing the Right Concrete
Choosing the right concrete for your handicap ramp is critical for ensuring safety and longevity. High-strength concrete is the most commonly used type for ramps. It is strong and durable, able to withstand heavy loads, and resist wear and tear. It is also low maintenance, requiring minimal repairs over time. Concrete can be reinforced with steel to increase its strength and stability, making it an ideal choice for ramps that will see a lot of traffic.
Texturing the Surface
The surface of the ramp should be slip-resistant to prevent accidents. There are several options for texturing the surface of the concrete, including broom finishes, exposed aggregate finishes, and stamped finishes. Broom finishes provide good traction and are the most affordable option. Exposed aggregate finishes provide excellent slip resistance while adding visual interest to the ramp. Stamped finishes are highly customizable, allowing you to create a unique design while still maintaining safety.
Ensuring Proper Drainage
Proper drainage is critical for the safety and longevity of the ramp. The ramp should be designed to allow water to flow away from the surface to prevent puddles and ice buildup. Installing drainage channels along the sides of the ramp can help redirect water away from the surface. The surface of the ramp should also be sloped slightly to allow water to run off.
Choosing a Professional Concrete Contractor
Creating a safe and accessible handicap ramp with concrete requires specialized knowledge and expertise. It is important to choose a professional concrete contractor with experience in designing and constructing handicap ramps. A qualified contractor will be able to ensure that the ramp meets all ADA specifications and will be able to provide a durable and long-lasting ramp that will require minimal maintenance over time.
At Santa Ana Concrete, we have over 30 years of experience in designing and constructing concrete handicap ramps. Our team of professionals is dedicated to providing safe and accessible solutions for your property. Contact us today to schedule a consultation or call us to learn more about how we can help you create a safe and functional handicap ramp.